Old City. Hanoi. Vietnam.

Article 3. Interpretation of terms

Article 3. Interpretation of terms

In this Law, the terms below are construed as follows:

  1. Foreigner means a person holding a paper proving his/her foreign nationality or a stateless person who enters, exits, transits or resides in Vietnam.
  2. Paper proving foreign nationality is a paper issued by a foreign competent authority or the United Nations, i.e. passport or passport substitute (below referred to as passport).
  3. International travel document means a document issued by a competent authority of a country to a stateless person currently residing in such country and accepted by a Vietnamese competent agency.
  4. Entry means a foreigner’s entry into the Vietnamese territory through a Vietnamese border gate.
  5. Transit means a foreigner’s passage through or stay in a transit area at a Vietnamese international border gate before going to a third country.
  6. Exit means a foreigner’s departure from the Vietnamese territory through a Vietnamese border gate.
  7. Suspension from exit means a case in which a competent Vietnamese person decides to suspend the exit from Vietnam of a foreigner currently residing in Vietnam for a certain period of time.
  8. Compelled exit means a case in which a competent Vietnamese person decides to compel a foreigner to leave the Vietnamese territory through a Vietnamese border gate.
  9. Residence means a foreigner’s permanent or temporary residence in Vietnam.
  10. Border gate means a place where foreigners are permitted to enter, exit or transit Vietnam.
  11. Visa means a document issued by a Vietnamese competent agency permitting a foreigner to enter Vietnam.
  12. Temporary residence certification means determination by a competent Vietnamese agency of the period of time a foreigner may temporarily reside in Vietnam.
  13. Temporary residence card means a document issued by the immigration management agency or a competent agency of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to a foreigner who is permitted to reside in Vietnam for a certain period of time. This card has the same validity as a visa.
  14. Permanent residence card means a document issued by an immigration management agency to a foreigner who is permitted to reside indefinitely in Vietnam. This card has the same validity as a visa.
  15. Immigration management agency means a specialized agency of the Ministry of Public Security which is in charge of management of foreigners’ entry into, exit from, transit through and residence in Vietnam.
  16. Immigration control unit means a specialized unit in charge of control of foreigners’ entry, exit and transit at border gates.
  17. Overseas Vietnamese agencies competent to grant visas include overseas Vietnamese representative missions and other agencies authorized to perform the consular function.